Sabtu, 25 Agustus 2007

Information Technology - wiki

Information technology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Information and communication technology spending in 2005
Information and communication technology spending in 2005

Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware." In short, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information, securely.

Recently it has become popular to broaden the term to explicitly include the field of electronic communication so that people tend to use the abbreviation ICTInformation and Communications Technology). (



[edit] Information technology today

Today, the term information technology has ballooned to encompass many aspects of computing and technology, and the term is more recognizable than ever before. The information technology umbrella can be quite large, covering many fields. IT professionals perform a variety of duties that range from installing applications to designing complex computer networks and information databases. A few of the duties that IT professionals perform may include:

A more extensive list of related topics is provided below.

[edit] Industry organizations

[edit] Worldwide

World Information Technology and Services Alliance (WITSA) is a consortium of over 60 information technology (IT) industry associations from economies around the world. Founded in 1978 and originally known as the World Computing Services Industry Association, WITSA has increasingly assumed an active advocacy role in international public policy issues affecting the creation of a robust global information infrastructure.

[edit] Canada

The Canadian Information Processing Society (CIPS) is the largest professional body for computing in Canada.

[edit] India

NASSCOM is an association of Indian IT companies.

[edit] Italy

AITech-Assinform is an association of Italian IT companies.

[edit] Kenya

Computer society of Kenya

[edit] Pakistan

PSEB Pakistan Software Export Board.

[edit] Somalia

SITPA (Somalia IT Professionals Association)

[edit] United Kingdom

The British Computer Society (BCS) is a UK body that represents those working in IT. It is the largest United Kingdom based professional body for computing, with a world-wide membership of over 58,000 members in over 100 countries.

[edit] United States

The Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) is an industry trade group for several U.S. information technology companies.

[edit] See also

At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Information technology at:
Main list: List of basic information technology topics

[edit] References

  • Shelly, Gary, Cashman, Thomas, Vermaat, Misty, and Walker, Tim. (1999). Discovering Computers 2000: Concepts for a Connected World. Cambridge, MA: Course Technology.
  • Webster, Frank, and Robins, Kevin. (1986). Information Technology—A Luddite Analysis. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
  • Adelman, C. 2000. A Parallel Postsecondary Universe: The Certification System in Information Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education
  • Allen, T., and M.S. Morton, eds. 1994. Information Technology and the Corporation of the 1990s. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tidak ada komentar: